Effects of long-term consumption of broccoli sprouts on inflammatory markers in overweight subjects

María Teresa Lopez-Chillon, Carmen Carazo-Díaz, David Prieto-Merinob, Pilar Zafrilla, Diego A. Moreno, Debora Villa

2009-ABSTRACT:  Broccoli sprouts represent an interesting choice of healthy food product as they are rich in glucosinolates and their cognate bioactive metabolites, isothiocyanates able to counteract the negative effects of diverse pathologies. As obesity is linked to an inflammatory component, the aim of the study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory action of broccoli sprouts in overweight adult subjects.

Methods: An in vivo controlled study was performed in 40 healthy overweight subjects. Treatment phase consisted of the consumption of broccoli sprouts (30 g/day) during 10 weeks and the follow-up phase of 10 weeks of normal diet without consumption of these broccoli sprouts. Anthropometric parameters as body fat mass, body weight, and BMI were determined. Inflammation status was assessed by measuring levels of TNF-a, IL-6, IL-1band C-reactive protein.

Results: IL-6 levels significantly decreased (mean values from 4.76 pg/mL to 2.11 pg/mL with 70 days ofbroccoli consumption, p<0.001) and during control phase the inflammatory levels were maintained at low grade (mean values from 1.20 pg/mL to 2.66 pg/mL, p<0.001). C-reactive protein significantly decreased as well.

Conclusions: This study represents an advance in intervention studies as the broccoli sprouts were included in a daily dietary pattern in quantities that reflect a real consumption. Further studies are necessary to elucidate the role of this healthy rich and nutritious food product, but these promising results support the current evidence on the healthy properties of Brassica varieties